Machine learning is a branch of artificial intelligence (AI) that is built on algorithms and based on the idea that systems can learn from data that identify patterns and make complex decisions effortlessly without any human intervention. Machine learning is a method in which data analysis automates analytical model building. Machine learning is a sub-set to Artificial learning that coaches a machine to learn and make a wise decision. Machine learning enhances many industrial and professional processes such as- medical diagnosis, image processing, prediction, classification, learning association, regression, etc. These intelligent machines learn from past experience or historical data.
Machine learning is further divided into three categories:
In super learning is a learning where you have input and output variables and is used to mapping function from input to output, it is known as supervised learning as the dataset acts as a teacher supervising the learning process. The algorithm makes predictions on training data and is corrected by a dataset, when the algorithm receives acceptable levels of performance the learning comes to an end.
In unsupervised learning no labels are given to algorithms, algorithms have to find the structure in the input. The goal of unsupervised learning is to discover hidden patterns in data. In unsupervised data, you just have to put the input data and there’s no requirement of output variants.
Reinforcement learning is the training of machine learning models chronologically, the agent learns to reach the goal in an uncertain and extremely complex environment. The designer sets a reward policy and it becomes the duty of the model to figure it out, the designer gives the model no hints or suggestions it’s up to the model on how it will maximize the reward.
The future of machine learning
Machine learning has the capability that can change the world, to make the world more secure and a better place to live in. The future of machine learning is bloomy and extremely bright as new technologies keep coming up every now and then, with the massive amount of data becoming more available, machine learning seems to touch heights in the contemporary world. Machine learning will also create millions of job opportunities in the coming years. In 2020 many people were affected due to unemployment, due to online websites, many people also managed to get a job, all thanks to Artificial intelligence and machine learning. Machine learning has a future that shall keep continuing through the ages. Data handling capacity, ecosystem protection, innovation, and secure banking, improvement in healthcare facilities, smart domestic security will all be handled in a very precise and better manner.